Journal content No1 (january) 2020 y.

Factors of enhancement of Ukraine’s international competitiveness

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Factors of enhancement of Ukraine’s international competitiveness//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2020/1/napryamki-pidvishhennya-mizhnarodnoyi-konkurentospromozhnosti-ukrayini/

Annotation: (Українська) Визначено, що рейтингові системи оцінювання міжнародної конкурентоспроможності країни використовуються переважно двома конкуруючими групами дослідників − Всесвітнім економічним форумом та Міжнародним інститутом менеджменту та розвитку. Проведено оцінку рівня конкурентоспроможності України у динаміці за двома індексами міжнародної конкурентоспроможності. Визначено рівень конкуренто-спроможності України за індексом глобальної конкуренто-спроможності та конкурентоспроможності країн світу. Зроблено висновок, що позиції України в рейтингу за індексом глобальної конкуренто-спроможності стабілізувалися порівняно з кризовим періодом. Визначено напрямки підвищення конкурентоспроможності України: макроекономічна стабільність, впровадження інновацій, розвиток фінансового ринку та ділових операцій.

Comparative legal analysis of imprisonment in Ukraine and in European countries

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Comparative legal analysis of imprisonment in Ukraine and in European countries//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/sravnitelno-pravovoj-analiz-nakazaniya-v-vide-lisheniya-svobody-v-ukraine-i-v-stranah-evropy/

Annotation: The scientific article examines and analyzes the system of punishments that exists in the countries of Europe and compares the legal characterization of punishment in the form of imprisonment in Ukraine and foreign most successful countries. Proposals have been made to improve the system of punishment of Ukraine and certain types of punishment provided for by the Criminal Code of Ukraine on the basis of the analysis of penal systems under the criminal codes of some countries of the European Union. Thus, on the example of the Swiss Criminal Code, it is possible to trace the similarity with the penal code of Ukraine, since in them all penalties are divided into basic and additional, as well as penalties that can be applied - to basic or additional. Under the current French Criminal Code, crimes are punished depending on the gravity of such an act. In general, they can be divided into two groups: misdemeanors and "violations" for which certain types of punishments are provided. According to the Italian Penal Code, the penalties are divided into basic and additional. The death penalty in Italy was abolished in lieu of life imprisonment, as was the case in Ukraine. We have come to the conclusion that the penal system in Ukraine needs to be simplified in accordance with the laws of European countries and, in addition, needs to be investigated by criminologists, regarding the measures and types of punishment that are most influential in correcting a convicted person and ensuring that he or she is prevented from committing a crime in the future.

Local self-government in foreign countries

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Local self-government in foreign countries//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/mestnoe-samoupravlenie-v-zarubezhnyh-stranah/

Annotation: In the scientific article a comparative analysis of models of local self-government is made. In particular, this article analyzes the features of the Anglo-Saxon, continental and mixed model of local government and proposes to use the experience of the continental and mixed model of local government in reforming local government in Ukraine. The paper states that, in practice, full self-government is to some extent suppressed, and the Anglo-Saxon model evolves towards a model of simple decentralization characteristic of a number of continental European countries. It is recommended to use the experience of France in the use and formulation of the concept of separation of powers between public authorities and local authorities in Ukraine, first of all, the principles of subsidiarity, autonomy and responsibility, gradual process of differentiation and delegation, clarity and completeness of separation, clarity and completeness of separation resource transfer. Comparative analysis of the main world models of local self-government of the leading states of the world reveals the specifics of the system of governance, mechanism, content and number of powers assigned to them, schemes of local self-government organization, so Ukraine can benefit from such a positive experience. In our opinion, it is most appropriate to use the experience of the countries of the continental model of local self-government, especially France, as well as the mixed model, namely Japan and Germany.

Prospects of improving the work of local government in Ukraine: the experience of France

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Prospects of improving the work of local government in Ukraine: the experience of France//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/perspektivy-sovershenstvovaniya-raboty-organov-mestnogo-samoupravleniya-v-ukraine-opyt-frantsii/

Annotation: The article examines the experience of local self-government in France. The features of local self-government at each level of local government are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the peculiarities of functioning of local self-government bodies and mayors. The article specifies that the key feature of the organization of functioning of local self-government bodies is decentralization, which is the policy of the central government to transfer to the local self-government bodies a number of powers previously exercised by the state, and to provide financial, legal and organizational conditions for their implementation. Differences in the election of mayor in Ukraine and France are analyzed. Thus, the difference between Ukraine and France is to elect a mayor to the post, if in Ukraine this is done by direct expression of the will of the people, in France the mayor is elected from among the members of the municipal council. The disadvantage of local government in France is that central government is to some extent at the intersection of administrative structures and policies. Such shortcomings are also observed in Ukraine. In general, it is recommended to use the experience of France to further carry out decentralization reform in Ukraine.

The relation between the concepts of theft

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. The relation between the concepts of theft//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/sootnoshenie-ponyatij-pohishhenie-hishhenie-i-grabezh/

Annotation: In the scientific article, taking into account the scientific positions expressed on this issue and its decision at the level of the domestic and foreign legislation, the content of the concepts of "abduction", "theft", "robbery" and the relationship between them are clarified. In the current criminal legislation of Ukraine, the concept of abduction is used both in defining crimes against property and in characterizing the offenses envisaged by other sections of the Special Part of the Criminal Code. This situation helps to mix different in content of the objects of criminal law protection, in particular material relations and relations, providing physical freedom of the person, identifying the latter with the thing and recognizing it, contrary to the provisions of civil law, the object of civil rights, which, on our belief is unacceptable. We have come to the conclusion that the abduction is the unlawful, gratuitous seizure of another's property, which is carried out without the will of the victim, which can be committed in an open or secret manner. The concept of "theft" is broader than the concept of "theft." They co-operate as general and special with each other. That is why these concepts should not be identified, because the concept of "theft" encompasses eight forms defined by law: theft, robbery, robbery, extortion, fraud, misappropriation, embezzlement, seizure of property through abuse, in turn, "abduction" only covers three forms of theft: theft, robbery and robbery; a socially dangerous act in "theft" consists in the seizure of another's movable thing, and in "theft" - in its seizure. That is why these concepts are not synonymous, but appear as separate categories of criminal law.

Необхідність існування та використання права як окремої галузі науки

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Необхідність існування та використання права як окремої галузі науки//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/neobhidnist-isnuvannya-ta-vikoristannya-prava-yak-okremoyi-galuzi-nauki/

Annotation: (Українська) Досліджено теоретичні питання з необхідності існування права як окремої галузі науки.

Торгівля людьми: кримінально-правовий аналіз

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Торгівля людьми: кримінально-правовий аналіз//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/torgivlya-lyudmi-kriminalno-pravovij-analiz/

Annotation: (Українська) У даній роботі проведено кримінально-правовий аналіз торгівлі людьми, відповідальність за яку передбачена статтею 149 Кримінального кодексу України (далі – КК України). З’ясовано поняття торгівлі людьми. Проаналізовано Конвенцію Ради Європи про заходи щодо протидії торгівлі людьми. Запропоновано вдосконалення змісту ст. 149 КК України.

Держава, як суб’єкт міжнародно-правової відповідальності

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Держава, як суб’єкт міжнародно-правової відповідальності//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/derzhava-yak-sub-yekt-mizhnarodno-pravovoyi-vidpovidalnosti/

Annotation: (Українська) В статті досліджено державу, як суб’єкт відповідальності в міжнародному праві, регулювання відповідальності держав на міжнародній арені та особливості відповідальності держав у міжнародному праві.

Встановлення клінічних, морфологічних та лабораторних змін під час різної стадійності протікання остеосаркоми у собак

Author: and

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

and . Встановлення клінічних, морфологічних та лабораторних змін під час різної стадійності протікання остеосаркоми у собак//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/veterinariya/2020/1/vstanovlennya-klinichnih-morfologichnih-ta-laboratornih-zmin-pid-chas-riznoyi-stadijnosti-protikannya-osteosarkomi-u-sobak/

Annotation: (Українська) В даній статті описані результати досліджень при проведенні комплексної діагностики собак із захворюванням остеосаркома передньої кінцівки. Були встановлені характерні зміни, особливо в морфологічній та гематологічній структурі, при різній стадійності захворювання. Це дозволяє встановити щонайменше більш точний прогноз, а в подальшому і визначити найбільш раціональне лікування в конкретному випадку при захворюванні на остеосаркому передньої кінцівки у собак.

Реформування суду Європейського Союзу

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Реформування суду Європейського Союзу//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/reformuvannya-sudu-yevropejskogo-soyuzu/

Annotation: (Українська) У статті досліджено питання реформування судової інституції Європейського Союзу: причини, реформування, пропозиції щодо вдосконалення судової системи ЄС, рішення та процес зміни.

Actual problems for applying the practice of the European court of human rights by national courts

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Actual problems for applying the practice of the European court of human rights by national courts//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/aktualnye-problemy-primeneniya-praktiki-evropejskogo-suda-po-pravam-cheloveka-natsionalnymi-sudami/

Annotation: The scientific article is devoted to analysis of problematic issues that arise in the field of application the practice of the European Court of Human Rights by national courts. Based on the analysis of Ukrainian judicial practice, in the article are provided the most common negative factors that make impossible effective, timely and correct application of the practice of the European Court of Human Rights by the courts of first and second instance, and ways to eliminate them.

Основні складові формування та розвитку корпоративної культури на туристичному підприємстві

Author: and

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

and . Основні складові формування та розвитку корпоративної культури на туристичному підприємстві//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2020/1/osnovni-skladovi-formuvannya-ta-rozvitku-korporativnoyi-kulturi-na-turistichnomu-pidpriyemstvi/

Annotation: (Українська) В статті обґрунтовано необхідність формування та розвитку корпоративної культури на туристичному підприємстві. Розглянуто її основні складові, рівні реалізації. Визначено основні етапи формування корпоративної культури на туристичному підприємстві.

Генеза інституту тримання під вартою та напрями вдосконалення його застосування

Author: and

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

and . Генеза інституту тримання під вартою та напрями вдосконалення його застосування//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/geneza-institutu-trimannya-pid-vartoyu-ta-napryami-vdoskonalennya-jogo-zastosuvannya/

Annotation: (Українська) Розглянуто тримання під вартою як один з видів запобіжного заходу. Розкрито його значення у кримінальному провадженні та визначено винятковість його застосування. Встановлено проблематику призначення даного запобіжного заходу, були зазначені конкретні приклади, що підтверджують актуальність проблеми застосування даного запобіжного заходу.

Problems of the efficient implementation of the pricing policy in the pharmaceutical industry

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Problems of the efficient implementation of the pricing policy in the pharmaceutical industry//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2020/1/problemy-effektivnoj-realizatsii-politiki-tsenoobrazovaniya-v-farmatsevticheskoj-promyshlennosti/

Annotation: The article is a study of the problems of effective implementation of pricing policy in the pharmaceutical industry. Pharmaceuticals is one of the most dynamic and knowledge-intensive sectors of the economy both in Ukraine and around the world, the development of which is caused by the growing demand for medicines and rising public health expenditures. The key role in the development of the native pharmaceutical industry is played by the creation of a balanced and effective price system in the Ukrainian market of medicines. That is why we faced an urgent task - to consider the problems of effective implementation of pricing policy in the pharmaceutical industry. It is noted that pharmaceuticals is one of the most high-tech industries and has a leading position in the global volume of research expenditures, and the stable dynamic growth of the market is due to a number of factors. It is noted that pharmaceutical pricing varies in different countries, but the price structure for the end consumer after the margin of the downstream participants is mostly typical. Scientists identify four basic methods of regulating medicine prices: fixed prices, income adjustment, pricing based on efficiency, and setting base prices. At the same time, there is no fully free or fully regulated pricing in the world. The examples of different pricing options for medicines in different countries are provided. It is noted that all pricing factors are divided into two groups - internal and external. In Ukraine, the state regulation of prices, as an element of state regulation of the economy, is carried out, as a rule, in the areas of natural monopolies, as well as in relation to socially significant goods and services. It is noted that the activity of participants in the Ukrainian pharmaceutical market is governed by a large number of legal acts that have been introduced since the beginning of the formation of our state. However, it is noted that the problems of pricing in the pharmaceutical market are receiving a great deal of attention in connection with the purchase of medicines at the state level and the solution of the issues of state regulation of the prices of medicines.

Moldova, Ukraine and EU: integration in conditions of unglued conflicts

Author: , and

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

, and . Moldova, Ukraine and EU: integration in conditions of unglued conflicts//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/moldova-ukraina-i-es-integratsiya-v-usloviyah-nerazreshennyh-konfliktov/

Annotation: In the current circumstances, international cooperation with states with a similar political and economic situation, mutual assistance and partnership between them is particularly important for the country. European integration for Ukraine is a priority international task. Ukraine and Moldova are similar in modern realities, in particular, the unity of positions with similar political and economic external orientations, including the confrontation of the influence of the RF in the respective regions and their way to Europe. And in the same vein, the main question remains their accession to the European Union in the face of unresolved territorial and political conflicts. There are no comprehensive studies devoted to the question of the accession of Moldova and Ukraine to the EU in the context of existing conflicts. This paper examines the process of establishing relations between countries with unresolved territorial and political conflicts in their territories, with the European Union, analyzes the main stages of political and economic integration of these states in the European Union. The article compares the achievements of Ukraine and Moldova on the path to European integration and predicts the prospects for further cooperation of these states with the EU. The article deals with the problematic issues of the accession of Ukraine and Moldova to the EU in the context of unresolved conflicts. Both Moldova and Ukraine can be the connecting link between many states and economic partners of the region. Effective use of this opportunity and the resolution of conflicts can contribute to the European integration of countries and to transform from a restrictive to a favorable factor of Ukrainian and Moldovan statehood. The signing of the Association Agreements was a decisive step in the relations between Moldova, Ukraine and the European Union. This allows for the continuation of the implementation of the Eurointegration vector of the foreign policy of Moldova and Ukraine, despite the destructive position of Russia in this matter.

Formation of the men’s costume of Europe and the USA at the end of XX – beginning XXI century

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Formation of the men’s costume of Europe and the USA at the end of XX – beginning XXI century//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/iskusstvovedenie/2020/1/formoobrazovanie-muzhskogo-kostyuma-evropy-i-ssha-v-kontse-hh-nach-hhi-st/

Annotation: The goal of the work. The article is intended to consider the issues of innovation and experiment of design of men's suit of Europe and the USA of the end of the XX - the beginning of the XXI century. Research methodology. Several dozen scientific works on design, cultural studies, costume history, art history are considered. The method of art and comparative analysis was applied in the preparation of the article. The visual material was selected based on periodicals and the Internet. The scientific novelty of the work is to identify the territorial and stylistic differences in the collections of men's suits in Europe and the United States of this period. Comparative features of designing products from European and American designers. The dynamics of the development of fashion trends, the evolution of men's costume during the end of XX - beginning of XXI century are investigated. Conclusions. The progress of innovation and experiment of design of men's suit of Europe and the USA of the end of XX - beginning of XXI centuries is investigated. It is proved that this is one of the brightest trends in the development of designing clothes of this period. It is noted that this topic is extremely poorly addressed in scientific works. The article highlights who defined fashion during this period in business men's suits. The birth and development of new trends in the selection of materials for clothing collections by individual designers started new fashion forms. It describes what formative parameters were leading during this period as they evolved. The know-how of the top men's costume designers of the late XX - early XXI centuries is researched. As well as common features and distinctive differences. Thus, the design techniques for creating a business men's suit in Europe and the USA are identified.

To the question of features of investigations of terrorist acts

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. To the question of features of investigations of terrorist acts//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/k-voprosu-osobennostej-rassledovaniya-terroristicheskih-aktov/

Annotation: This article is devoted to highlighting the features of the investigation of one of the most serious crimes - a terrorist act. The work sets out: the definition of the concept of “terrorist act”, which is enshrined in the laws of some states, the features of the basic complex of investigative measures, etc.

Міжнародно-правове співробітництво у боротьбі з екстремізмом

Author: and

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

and . Міжнародно-правове співробітництво у боротьбі з екстремізмом//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/mizhnarodno-pravove-spivrobitnitstvo-u-borotbi-z-ekstremizmom/

Annotation: (Українська) Основним нормативним міжнародним документом, який використовується при розгляді питання міжнародного співробітництва у боротьбі з екстремізмом є Шанхайська конвенція про боротьбу з тероризмом, сепаратизмом і екстремізмом. В даній статті розглянуто питання методів та цілей боротьби з екстремізмом, а також методи протидії даного явища. Розглянуто питання такого правового явища, як екстремізм, а саме – поняття, з яких елементів складається тощо.

Optimization of operating expenses of production enterprises of Ukraine based on target-costing methods and kaizen philosophy

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Optimization of operating expenses of production enterprises of Ukraine based on target-costing methods and kaizen philosophy//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2020/1/optimizatsiya-operatsionnyh-rashodov-proizvodstvennyh-predpriyatij-ukrainy-na-osnove-metodov-target-kostinga-ta-kajdzen-filosofii/

Annotation: The article deals with the basic modern cost management models in terms of strategic and current planning. The relationship between strategic cost management planning and accounting and analytical procedures of the enterprise is identified. The basic principles of application of the methods of Target-costing and Kaizen-costing are considered. Perspectives of application of these methods in the aggregate for the purpose of the most effective realization of the set goals of the enterprises are determined.

Features of the organization of accounting for the income of the hotel and restaurant complex

Author:

Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:

. Features of the organization of accounting for the income of the hotel and restaurant complex//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2020/1/osobennosti-organizatsii-ucheta-dohodov-predpriyatiya-otelno-restorannogo-kompleksa/

Annotation: The article deals with the main aspects of organization of accounting of income of the enterprise of hotel and restaurant complex. The basic methods of estimating the degree of completeness of the operation for providing services to the hotel industry are determined. The comparative analysis of methods of recognition of income of the enterprise is carried out. The features of the activity of the hotel and restaurant complex were also considered. The necessity of structured reporting of the enterprise in accordance with the centers of responsibility and structural units is determined.

Prepare

a scientific article on the current topic

Send

a scientific article to e-mail: editor@inter-nauka.com

Read

your article on the website of our magazine