Tag: местное самоуправление

Local self-government in foreign countries

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. Local self-government in foreign countries//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/mestnoe-samoupravlenie-v-zarubezhnyh-stranah/

Annotation: In the scientific article a comparative analysis of models of local self-government is made. In particular, this article analyzes the features of the Anglo-Saxon, continental and mixed model of local government and proposes to use the experience of the continental and mixed model of local government in reforming local government in Ukraine. The paper states that, in practice, full self-government is to some extent suppressed, and the Anglo-Saxon model evolves towards a model of simple decentralization characteristic of a number of continental European countries. It is recommended to use the experience of France in the use and formulation of the concept of separation of powers between public authorities and local authorities in Ukraine, first of all, the principles of subsidiarity, autonomy and responsibility, gradual process of differentiation and delegation, clarity and completeness of separation, clarity and completeness of separation resource transfer. Comparative analysis of the main world models of local self-government of the leading states of the world reveals the specifics of the system of governance, mechanism, content and number of powers assigned to them, schemes of local self-government organization, so Ukraine can benefit from such a positive experience. In our opinion, it is most appropriate to use the experience of the countries of the continental model of local self-government, especially France, as well as the mixed model, namely Japan and Germany.

Prospects of improving the work of local government in Ukraine: the experience of France

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. Prospects of improving the work of local government in Ukraine: the experience of France//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/perspektivy-sovershenstvovaniya-raboty-organov-mestnogo-samoupravleniya-v-ukraine-opyt-frantsii/

Annotation: The article examines the experience of local self-government in France. The features of local self-government at each level of local government are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the peculiarities of functioning of local self-government bodies and mayors. The article specifies that the key feature of the organization of functioning of local self-government bodies is decentralization, which is the policy of the central government to transfer to the local self-government bodies a number of powers previously exercised by the state, and to provide financial, legal and organizational conditions for their implementation. Differences in the election of mayor in Ukraine and France are analyzed. Thus, the difference between Ukraine and France is to elect a mayor to the post, if in Ukraine this is done by direct expression of the will of the people, in France the mayor is elected from among the members of the municipal council. The disadvantage of local government in France is that central government is to some extent at the intersection of administrative structures and policies. Such shortcomings are also observed in Ukraine. In general, it is recommended to use the experience of France to further carry out decentralization reform in Ukraine.

Concerning the problems of regulating a salary of the service persons of local government bodies

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. Concerning the problems of regulating a salary of the service persons of local government bodies//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2018. - №10. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2018/10/kasatelno-problem-regulirovaniya-oplaty-truda-sluzhebnyh-lits-organov-mestnogo-samoupravleniya/

Annotation: The article is devoted to the problems of remuneration of officials of local governments in Ukraine. Analyzed changes in legislation on the remuneration of these categories of workers in recent years. It is proved that the insufficient level of remuneration of lower categories of posts is the main cause of staff turnover. Using the example of European standards, a parallel was drawn in comparison with the national legislation on this issue and the ratio of the official salary to the total amount of wages is shown. Based on the analysis of existing legal acts, the problems of wage regulation are identified and ways to improve the wage conditions of this category of employees are considered.

Budget decentralization as a factor of economic development

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. Budget decentralization as a factor of economic development//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2018. - №6. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2018/6/byudzhetnaya-detsentralizatsiya-kak-faktor-ekonomicheskogo-razvitiya/

Annotation: The article considered the main advantages and disadvantages of the local decentralization. Also has been researched the foreign experience of constructing budget decentralization. Proposed the possible measures to improve decentralization of Ukraine. Decentralization is the transfer of budget powers from state authorities to local self-government bodies. Also has been investigated the term of «united territorial communities» wich are a territorial communities that, as a result of a voluntary association that can independently or through appropriate local self-government bodies provide the appropriate level of services, in particular in the field of education, culture, health care, social protection.

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