Tag: European Union

Prospects for the introduction of lobbying in Ukraine through the prism of the experience of the European Union

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. Prospects for the introduction of lobbying in Ukraine through the prism of the experience of the European Union//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №11. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/11/perspektivy-vnedreniya-lobbizma-v-ukraine-skvoz-prizmu-opyta-evropejskogo-soyuza/

Annotation: Based on the research of well-known scholars and theorists of law, as well as using world practice, the article describes the concept of "lobbying". The etymological origin of the word "lobbying" is determined. The peculiarities of lobbying in the EU institutions are considered on the example of EU law. In particular, the trends of lobbying in connection with the economic integration of the EU were analyzed. The definition of "lobbying" in accordance with European legislation is also provided. The analysis of lobbying activity is carried out guided by the basic documents on this issue, such as: Lobbying in the EU: current rules and practices and the Green Paper on the European Transparency Initiative. Thus, the Green Paper on the European Transparency Initiative sets out the basic principles of lobbying and lobbying. A separate point should be noted that this act defines the so-called "problem areas", ie those areas and relevant activities that may impair the proper assessment of the needs of civil society and business groups in protecting their rights, including fraud, corruption and media resources to create a stir around a problem or campaign that is not really of concern to EU citizens. Regarding Lobbying in the EU: current rules and practices, the main functions of lobbying were analyzed, as well as the main tools of lobbying, including: information gathering, participation in expert groups, contact with officials and promotion of relevant media campaigns. An analysis of the activities of lobby groups belonging to various areas, including: public interests (trade unions, consumer protection), social sphere (protection of labor rights and trade unions), environmental sphere and "energy" sphere. The genesis of the development of Ukrainian lobbying legislation is analyzed separately, including: the draft law of Ukraine on lobbying, the adoption of which is conditioned by Ukraine's accession to the UN Convention against Corruption, and legislative regulation of lobbying in Ukraine and the European Union. The analysis of the bill "On Lobbying" dated 28.02.20020 The experience of implementation of lobbying legislation in the EU and Ukraine is compared.

Comparative analysis of the corporate agreement regulation: practice of the European Union states

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. Comparative analysis of the corporate agreement regulation: practice of the European Union states//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №4. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/4/komparativnyj-analiz-regulirovaniya-korporativnogo-dogovora-opyt-stran-evropejskogo-soyuza/

Annotation: Shareholders` agreement, being a relatively new instrument of corporate regulation, has acquired a wide acknowledgement among members of European Union since the middle of 20th century. The flexible nature of shareholders` agreement, in comparison to constitutional documents of the company, enables to introduce corrections to the business doing and being of the company not demanding any notice to or approval from the authoritative bodies and without the need to bear additional costs, what is unavoidable in case of legislative requirement of articles` of association changes notarization. Besides, confidential nature of this agreement allows the parties not to disclose commercial plans and the fact of coordinated actions present in a company. The convenience of a shareholder`s agreement use lies also in the possibility to decide on the future actions of the shareholders, taking into account various mechanisms to solve deadlocks and establishing a type and amount of liability for a party, which would breach established by shareholder`s agreement contractual obligations. In this article the author analyses the form and subject matter requirements to a shareholder`s agreement, sources of its regulation, as well as the relation between the articles of association and shareholder`s agreement itself, through the regulation experience of Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Belgium and France, in order to familiarize the audience with the best practices of this corporate instrument usage and to effectively incorporate foreign experience to Ukrainian reality.

Moldova, Ukraine and EU: integration in conditions of unglued conflicts

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, and . Moldova, Ukraine and EU: integration in conditions of unglued conflicts//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №1. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/1/moldova-ukraina-i-es-integratsiya-v-usloviyah-nerazreshennyh-konfliktov/

Annotation: In the current circumstances, international cooperation with states with a similar political and economic situation, mutual assistance and partnership between them is particularly important for the country. European integration for Ukraine is a priority international task. Ukraine and Moldova are similar in modern realities, in particular, the unity of positions with similar political and economic external orientations, including the confrontation of the influence of the RF in the respective regions and their way to Europe. And in the same vein, the main question remains their accession to the European Union in the face of unresolved territorial and political conflicts. There are no comprehensive studies devoted to the question of the accession of Moldova and Ukraine to the EU in the context of existing conflicts. This paper examines the process of establishing relations between countries with unresolved territorial and political conflicts in their territories, with the European Union, analyzes the main stages of political and economic integration of these states in the European Union. The article compares the achievements of Ukraine and Moldova on the path to European integration and predicts the prospects for further cooperation of these states with the EU. The article deals with the problematic issues of the accession of Ukraine and Moldova to the EU in the context of unresolved conflicts. Both Moldova and Ukraine can be the connecting link between many states and economic partners of the region. Effective use of this opportunity and the resolution of conflicts can contribute to the European integration of countries and to transform from a restrictive to a favorable factor of Ukrainian and Moldovan statehood. The signing of the Association Agreements was a decisive step in the relations between Moldova, Ukraine and the European Union. This allows for the continuation of the implementation of the Eurointegration vector of the foreign policy of Moldova and Ukraine, despite the destructive position of Russia in this matter.

Правова система Європейського Союзу

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and . Правова система Європейського Союзу//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2019. - №12. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2019/12/pravova-sistema-yevropejskogo-soyuzu/

Annotation: The article discusses and analyzes some directions of development of the legal system of the European Union such as the definition of systematic nature; the formation of a common European law system; formation of rules of law.

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