Tag: устойчивое развитие

Theoretical-methodical basis of sustainable development of enterprise

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. Theoretical-methodical basis of sustainable development of enterprise//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2019. - №10. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/ekonomika/2019/10/teoretiko-metodicheskie-osnovy-ustojchivogo-razvitiya-predpriyatiya/

Annotation: The article is a study of various aspects of theoretical and methodological foundations of sustainable enterprise development. It was found that the term "sustainable development" was first used at the 1992 UN Environment and Development Conference in Rio de Janeiro. It is observed that in most of the works there are differences in the interpretation of the term "Sustainable development". It has been found out that different authors offer their own options, trying to find the most capacious concept that would be practical to use. Sustainability has been found to be characterized by a complex set of interrelated factors. It is pointed out that many of the characteristics of sustainable development in their content are subjective judgments, which depend on the views of the individual, the nature of the problem being solved and the place (country) where the problem is solved. It is found that at the level of a manufacturing enterprise, the property of its stability is interpreted in various ways. But, as a rule, many experts associate firm sustainability directly with financial condition only. However, it is established that the notion of firm sustainability as a production system is justified by a more balanced, integrated approach that takes into account not only the financial but also other aspects of its socio-economic status, which change in the course of the long-term evolution of economic relations. The analysis of theoretical approaches to the assessment of the stability of the enterprise showed the feasibility of their classification in 7 groups. For each group, limitations were established, which consisted of management criteria (objective function), accounting deficiencies, and development prospects. It is established that the essence of the sustainability of the enterprise's activity lies in its ability to adapt to changes in external and internal economic conditions and to resist these changes in such a way that the stable and equilibrium dynamics of the functioning of the enterprise in accordance with its current and perspective goals and objectives set.

The comprehensive mechanism of state development governance – theoretical aspect

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. The comprehensive mechanism of state development governance – theoretical aspect//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2018. - №5. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/gosudarstvennoe-upravlenie/2018/5/kompleksnyj-mehanizm-gosudarstvennogo-regulirovaniya-ustojchivogo-razvitiya-teoreticheskij-aspekt/

Annotation: The key approaches to understanding the content of the mechanism of state regulation are determined. The main approaches to the typology of the state regulation of sustainable development mechanism are presented. It was stated that the complex mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development may consist of normative-legal, institutional, organizational-managerial, financial-economic and informational submechanisms. The mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development and the complex mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development on the basis of socio-ecological-economic systems are presented.

Features of funding of financial economic mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development

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. Features of funding of financial economic mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2018. - №4. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/gosudarstvennoe-upravlenie/2018/4/osobennosti-funktsionirovaniya-finansovo-ekonomicheskogo-mehanizma-gosudarstvennogo-regulirovaniya-ustojchivogo-razvitiya/

Annotation: The article describes the main approaches of scientists to the definition of the concept of financial mechanism and found that the financial mechanism should be understood as a set of methodological, organizational and legal provisions and measures that determine the priority movement of financial resources in the state economy, the definition of problem segments and, consequently, practical directing funds to eliminate identified gaps and meeting existing needs. It is determined that its components include the system of financial management, planning and forecasting of the financial budget, the choice of sources of financial support, the definition of financial indicators, norms, limits, reserves, etc. The main instruments of the financial and economic mechanism, which include taxes, budget subsidies and subventions, credits, customs tariffs, and "green" tariffs are revealed. The concept of the mechanism of public administration is considered and in the context of the research the own definition is given: the financial and economic mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development is a set of methods and tools used for planning, accumulation and distribution of funds of financial resources designed to achieve the set goals in the following areas: satisfaction of basic the needs of the population, ensuring favorable conditions for the functioning of economic entities, establishing effective cooperation between state and non-governmental organizations rust sectors, achievement of balanced development of economic, social and ecological aspects of functioning of the state. The main directions of the use of financial and economic mechanisms of state regulation are allocated and the priority tasks of the financial-economic mechanism of state regulation of sustainable development are proposed.

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