Prospects for the introduction of lobbying in Ukraine through the prism of the experience of the European Union
Bibliographic description of the article for the citation:
Павло Приблуда. Prospects for the introduction of lobbying in Ukraine through the prism of the experience of the European Union//Science online: International Scientific e-zine - 2020. - №11. - https://nauka-online.com/en/publications/yurisprudentsiya/2020/11/perspektivy-vnedreniya-lobbizma-v-ukraine-skvoz-prizmu-opyta-evropejskogo-soyuza/
Annotation: Based on the research of well-known scholars and theorists of law, as well as using world practice, the article describes the concept of "lobbying". The etymological origin of the word "lobbying" is determined. The peculiarities of lobbying in the EU institutions are considered on the example of EU law. In particular, the trends of lobbying in connection with the economic integration of the EU were analyzed. The definition of "lobbying" in accordance with European legislation is also provided. The analysis of lobbying activity is carried out guided by the basic documents on this issue, such as: Lobbying in the EU: current rules and practices and the Green Paper on the European Transparency Initiative. Thus, the Green Paper on the European Transparency Initiative sets out the basic principles of lobbying and lobbying. A separate point should be noted that this act defines the so-called "problem areas", ie those areas and relevant activities that may impair the proper assessment of the needs of civil society and business groups in protecting their rights, including fraud, corruption and media resources to create a stir around a problem or campaign that is not really of concern to EU citizens. Regarding Lobbying in the EU: current rules and practices, the main functions of lobbying were analyzed, as well as the main tools of lobbying, including: information gathering, participation in expert groups, contact with officials and promotion of relevant media campaigns. An analysis of the activities of lobby groups belonging to various areas, including: public interests (trade unions, consumer protection), social sphere (protection of labor rights and trade unions), environmental sphere and "energy" sphere. The genesis of the development of Ukrainian lobbying legislation is analyzed separately, including: the draft law of Ukraine on lobbying, the adoption of which is conditioned by Ukraine's accession to the UN Convention against Corruption, and legislative regulation of lobbying in Ukraine and the European Union. The analysis of the bill "On Lobbying" dated 28.02.20020 The experience of implementation of lobbying legislation in the EU and Ukraine is compared.